Blog post

One to One Marketing: What It Is, Examples, & Best Practices [2023]

One to One Marketing: What It Is, Examples, & Best Practices [2023]
Written byNathaniel Rounds
Published21 Oct 2023

Did you know that businesses harnessing the power of one-to-one marketing strategies can witness a slash in acquisition costs by as much as 50%, boost revenue by up to 15%, and enhance the overall efficiency of their marketing spend by up to 30%? In today's digital landscape, where customers crave personalized experiences, this statistic paints a vivid picture of the importance of individualized marketing efforts.

This article will unravel the world of one-to-one marketing and its profound impact on modern business. From real-world examples that showcase its transformative potential to the best practices shaping the industry, this post will equip you with the knowledge and strategies to better satisfy your customers and improve your lifecycle marketing process.

Let’s dive in.

What is one to one marketing?

One-to-one marketing, or 1:1 marketing, is a strategic approach that focuses on tailoring marketing efforts to meet the needs of each individual customer. This approach recognizes that every customer is different, and that generic, mass marketing messages–or even segmented marketing messages–aren’t as effective in today's business landscape where everyone is competing for milliseconds of attention.

Here are the key components and principles that make up one-to-one marketing:

  • Customer-Centric Approach: One-to-one marketing places the customer at the center of the marketing strategy. It aims to understand each customer's behavior and history to provide a highly personalized experience.

  • Data-Driven: Central to one-to-one marketing is the collection and analysis of customer data. This includes demographic information, purchase history, browsing behavior, and more. Advanced technologies like [customer relationship management (CRM) systems, artificial intelligence, and big data analytics are essential for this.

  • Relationship Building: Rather than focusing solely on one-time transactions, one-to-one marketing emphasizes building long-term, mutually beneficial relationships with customers. This can lead to increased customer loyalty and lifetime value.

  • Privacy and Trust: As one-to-one marketing relies heavily on customer data, maintaining trust and respecting privacy are paramount. Compliance with data protection regulations (e.g., GDPR or SOC is essential to avoid privacy breaches and maintain customer trust.

One-to-one marketing vs personalized marketing vs customized marketing

While similar, these concepts aren't the same.

One-to-One Marketing

As defined earlier, one-to-one marketing tailors marketing efforts to the specific needs of each individual customer. In one-to-one marketing, market segmentation is highly granular and extends to the level of individual customers. Each customer is treated as a unique segment.

Personalized Marketing

While one-to-one marketing is personalized marketing, personalized marketing isn’t always one-to-one. While personalized marketing tailors marketing efforts, it may segment customers based on shared characteristics, such as demographics or purchasing behavior.

For example, if an e-commerce platform segments customers into groups based on past purchase history, customers who bought electronics receive personalized email recommendations for related products, while those who purchased clothing receive clothing-related recommendations.

Customized Marketing

Customized marketing involves creating marketing materials or products that can be adjusted or configured by the customer based on their preferences. As an example, imagine a fast-food restaurant that allows customers to build their own burgers by selecting from a range of ingredients and toppings. While the options are predefined, customers can customize their orders to suit their tastes.

Some high-level points to help you understand the distinct differences in market segmentation for all three:

  • One-to-One Marketing: Individual customers are treated as distinct segments. Each customer's unique characteristics and behavior inform marketing strategies.

  • Personalized Marketing: Customers are grouped into segments based on shared traits, allowing for more targeted marketing but not necessarily at the individual level.

  • Customized Marketing: Allows the user or customer to customize a product or service.

One-to-one marketing example

marketing example

Let's break down a real-world scenario to illustrate this marketing approach better:

A top North American bank leveraged the automated experimentation platform OfferFit to enhance its acquisition of new business credit card customers.


The bank's primary objective was to maximize the number of new business credit card accounts opened through referrals from their existing customers.

Prior Approach:

Before using OfferFit, the bank relied on a fixed email sequence that was sent to all customers. They had conducted extensive A/B testing to determine the best sending times, email cadence, and content for their customer population as a whole. In essence, they treated all customers similarly in their email marketing campaigns.

OfferFit Approach:

OfferFit offers a platform that allows lifecycle marketers to harness the power of automated experimentation by enabling them to select a KPI that they want to maximize. Also known as reinforcement learning (RL) or self-learning AI, automated experimentation leverages machine learning to automate the process of conducting experiments and optimizing marketing strategies.

Marketers select the KPI they want to be maximized and define the dimensions along which they want to test, which could include factors such as the offer, subject line, creative content, channel, timing, cadence, and more. For each dimension they choose, the marketers specify the available options that can be tested. For instance, for the "channel" dimension, options might include email, social media, or SMS.


Based on the bank’s specifications, OfferFit determined the best email creative (content and design), sending time, and credit card offer for each individual customer. And the results were remarkable.

The bank achieved a 90% uplift in conversion rate, indicating that a significantly higher percentage of recipients who received personalized and relevant emails from OfferFit were prompted to open new business credit card accounts. This substantial increase in conversion translated into a projected annualized value of $15 million, which shows the substantial impact of one-to-one marketing.

Benefits of one-to-one marketing

online marketing

Personalized Offers

One of the key advantages of one-to-one marketing is the ability to create the most personalized offers for each customer. Why is that so important?

According to a survey involving 1,500 U.S. consumers, it was found that 78% of respondents are more likely to make a purchase when a brand offers content that resonates with their interests. In addition, 50% expressed a willingness to pay a premium for a product when they experience personalized service, while 64% indicated they would readily recommend a brand that consistently delivers relevant content.

More Engagement

When customers receive content, recommendations, and messages that are relevant to their interests and needs, they’re more inclined to interact with your brand. This can manifest through higher email open rates, increased website click-through rates, and more active participation on social media.

Engaged customers are more likely to become brand advocates and contribute to positive word-of-mouth marketing.

Higher Conversions

Tailored offers and personalized experiences provided to customers greatly increase the likelihood of them taking desired actions. A report by Epsilon confirms that when brands provide personalized experiences, it increases the likelihood of a purchase for 80% of consumers.

Since these marketing efforts align closely with the individual's past behaviors, the conversion process becomes smoother and more persuasive. This, in turn, leads to a higher return on investment (ROI) for marketing campaigns.

Improved Revenue

The primary goal of any marketing effort is to boost revenue, and one-to-one marketing excels in helping businesses maximize the value of each customer interaction through repeat purchases, cross-selling, and upselling opportunities.

A report by a McKinsey survey reveals that 41% of retailers stated that the implementation of personalization initiatives resulted in a revenue increase ranging from 50% to 100%, with an additional 15% experiencing an even more substantial growth of 100% to 300%.

These targeted strategies contribute to long-term customer loyalty and increased customer lifetime value.

Disadvantages of one-to-one marketing

One-to-one marketing, while highly effective in many ways, can have some challenges if you’re not using the right software and strategies.


Implementing one-to-one marketing can be resource-intensive, especially in terms of collecting and analyzing customer data, creating personalized content, and managing individualized campaigns. Plus, implementing the technology stack required for one-to-one marketing can be expensive, especially for small businesses.

However, with the right one-to-one marketing platforms, you can reduce this time and effort. For example, OfferFit leverages advanced machine learning algorithms to automate the personalization process using automated experimentation.

OfferFit's AI generates daily recommendations for each customer, based on data and insights. The AI continuously learns from customer interactions and applies these insights to refine and improve its recommendations. This process ensures that marketing strategies adapt and evolve in response to changing market conditions.

OfferFit+diagram 1

Automated experimentation is also faster and more flexible than traditional manual A/B testing. There's no need for manual setup, data analysis, or result implementation. Everything is automated for efficiency and requires little to no input once it’s configured.

Data Privacy Concerns

With one-to-one marketing's heavy reliance on customer data, there's a risk of privacy concerns and potential breaches if not handled carefully. Make sure to only work with software or services that prioritize and emphasize their commitment to security and privacy for their customers.

At OfferFit, we place a strong emphasis on data security and compliance with privacy regulations. We do not collect Personally Identifiable Information (PII) and maintain strict SOC-2 certification.

Scalability Challenges

As businesses grow, maintaining personalized interactions with an ever-expanding customer base can become challenging and costly. For instance, problems can arise due to the sheer volume of customer data that is generated. As the customer base expands, managing the data becomes daunting, making analysis complex and time-consuming. The amount of information can strain resources, making it difficult to derive meaningful insights and maintain the same level of personalized communication.

OfferFit makes it possible to scale your one-to-one marketing with its automated experimentation capabilities. Instead of manual A/B testing which is slow and doesn’t scale, automated experimentation massively accelerates the pace of learning by continuously learning from every interaction.

Data Quality and Accuracy

The effectiveness of one-to-one marketing relies heavily on the accuracy and quality of customer data. Inaccurate and poor data quality can lead to irrelevant personalization, which leads to ineffective marketing strategies. To avoid this, you should implement data cleaning and validation to remove duplicates and correct inaccuracies.

Use data validation tools that can automatically validate and correct data entries in real-time, and encourage customers to provide feedback on the relevance of the personalized content they receive. In addition, integrate data sources and automate data collection processes where possible. Centralized, integrated data sources are often more accurate and reliable.

Best practices for your one-to-one marketing strategy

One-to-one marketing is a powerful strategy, but to maximize its effectiveness, it's essential to follow best practices.

1. Identify marketing KPIs to improve

It’s important to identify and prioritize your Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) so you can correctly measure the impact of your one-to-one marketing efforts. These KPIs should align with your business goals and may include metrics like customer acquisition cost (CAC), customer lifetime value (CLV), conversion rates, and customer satisfaction scores (CSAT).

2. Create customer profiles

Data collection and analysis are central to one-to-one marketing. Start by gathering data from various touchpoints, including website interactions, purchase history, social media engagement, and customer feedback. Then, you can use this data to create detailed customer profiles that encompass demographics, behaviors, preferences, and past interactions. These profiles will serve as the foundation for personalized marketing campaigns.

However, protecting customer privacy and adhering to data protection regulations is paramount. While consumers appreciate personalization, there's a delicate balance between customization and intrusion. One-to-one marketing needs to respect privacy boundaries and comply with data protection regulations.

Brands that transparently communicate their data usage policies and provide easy opt-out options show consumers that their privacy is a priority. When customers feel in control of their data and understand how it benefits their shopping experience, they are more likely to willingly engage with personalized marketing initiatives.

3. Implement an automated experimentation platform

Experimentation is key to refining your one-to-one marketing strategy. Implement an automated experimentation platform that allows you to test different variables such as message content, delivery times, and channel effectiveness. Machine learning algorithms can help you optimize your campaigns continuously, ensuring that your personalized offers are continually improving based on real-time feedback.

Unlike manual A/B testing, which relies on majority rules within segments, a self-learning tool like OfferFit makes personalized decisions for each customer. Customers are not reduced to segments; instead, decisions are based on all available data at the moment of decision-making, rendering segmentation obsolete.

4. Create your segment-of-one offers

Utilize the customer information and experimentation results to tailor your messaging, product recommendations, and promotions for each customer. Ensure that these offers are timely, relevant, and provide real value to the customer.

Fortunately, an automated experimentation platform can do this for you. OfferFit can help marketers and businesses empirically discover:

  • Which customers are susceptible to leapfrog offers vs which customers require discounts or other incentives to upgrade.

  • The best renewal offer for each customer and identify customers who are less price-sensitive and need less significant discounts to renew.

  • The best product offer for each individual customer, with the most effective subject line, sending time, and frequency of communication.

offerfit report

5. Track and analyze results

In any marketing effort, ongoing monitoring and analysis are critical. Implement tracking mechanisms to capture how customers engage with your personalized content and offers and regularly analyze the results against your established KPIs.

OfferFit’s automated experimentation platform leverages your first-party data to maximize whichever KPIs are most important to your business. Once configured, it makes daily recommendations for each customer, seeking to maximize the success metric you chose.

The AI learns from every customer interaction and applies these insights to the next day's recommendations–so your offers and conversion rates continue to rise.

Improve your one-to-one marketing campaigns

One-to-one marketing helps you truly understand your customers' needs and gives you the power to cater to them using effective strategies. When executed well, this approach sets your business apart from a million others who are trying to get customers' attention with the same boring template.

We acknowledge that meeting every customer's unique needs is challenging. However, tools like OfferFit that use automated experimentation can fine-tune your marketing efforts and drive exceptional results. OfferFit is not just an automated experimentation platform; it's a versatile solution for:

  • Directly measuring the financial impact of using our tool, providing tangible ROI

  • Gaining actionable insights into customer behaviors and actions

  • Achieving extreme flexibility through customization, based on unique needs and industry-specific data

  • Implementing true one-to-one personalization by tailoring decisions to each individual customer

Your journey to marketing excellence begins here.

Schedule your demo with OfferFit today

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